Digital Resources

Image Repositories

ArchNet: Photographs, drawings, publications, and other media for Islamic architecture, art, and urbanism past and present. Archnet is a partnership between the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) and the Aga Khan Documentation Center, MIT Libraries (AKDC@MIT)

Manar al-Athar: High resolution, searchable image repository for teaching, research, and publication. Images of archaeological sites, buildings and art of Syro-Palestine/the Levant, Egypt and North Africa, as well as some bordering regions, such as Georgia and Armenia. Based at University of Oxford

Islamic Architecture: Plans, drawings, photogrammetry, 3D images of Islamic monuments in Jordan, Iran, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, and Sicily by Antonio Almagro of the Escuela de Estudios Árabes de Granada/Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain

Architecture of al-Andalus: Plans, drawings, photogrammetry, 3D images by Antonio Almagro of the Escuela de Estudios Árabes de Granada/Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain

Museum/Archival Collections:

This is a partial list, mainly reflecting Anglo-American collections with which I’m most familiar – suggestions for additions are welcome, especially for collections in Asia and the MENA region


Europe/North America/UK

Caliphal Sites


Dome of the Rock

Great Mosque of Damascus

3D Model (Iconem)



Andalusi Umayyad

Great Mosque of Córdoba

Madinat al-Zahra’, etc.

Madinat al-Zahra’ Archaeological Site & Museum

Madinat al-Zahra’ Museum: 3D models of representative artefacts

Madinat al-Zahra’ on YouTube

Minaret of S Juan de los Caballeros – VR of important 9th century minaret and its changing appearance over time

VirTimePlace – free app for Smartphones and tablets with 3D visualisations of Islamic and Roman Córdoba

3D Models, Andalusi objects & architecture (ARTES Iberian & Latin American Visual Culture Group)


Bab Zuwayla (Virtual Tour, American Research Center in Egypt)

Databases, etc.

Thesaurus d‘épigraphie islamique: (Islamic inscriptions, with translations and photographs. Coverage across the Islamic lands up to 1000 CE, Fondation Max van Berchem, Geneva)

Museum With No Frontiers – Discover Islamic Art in the Mediterranean

Monumental Inscriptions of Historic Cairo (Bernard O’Kane)

Al-Raqmiyyat: Digital Islamic History (Maxim Romanov): For Open Islamicate Texts Initiative (OpenITI), ‘a multi-institutional effort to construct the first machine-actionable scholarly corpus of premodern Islamicate texts’, and the al-Thurayyā Gazetteer and geospatial model of the early Islamic world projects. 


Arts in Isolation: Features leading specialists in Islamic visual culture. Part of the Asia House Arts in Isolation Series and Converging Paths, an initiative organised in partnership with the Barakat Trust that promotes the arts and cultures of the Islamic World.

Empire Lines: uncovers the unexpected, often two-way, flows of Empires through art. Interdisciplinary thinkers use individual artworks as artefacts of imperial exchange, revealing the how and why of the monolith ‘Empire’.


Dictionary of Islamic Architecture (1996) (Andrew Petersen, Archnet)

Journal of Art Historiography 6 (2012): Special Issue Islamic Art Historiography

Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Visual Culture of the Islamic World (Archnet/AKPIA Harvard)

Teaching Resources

Global Architectural History Teaching Collaborative (GAHTC, funded by the Mellon Foundation): Teaching materials for architectural history education across the globe. Using search term ‘Islamic’ to find relevant modules and lectures.

Khamseen: Islamic Art Online (University of Michigan) Free and open-access online platform of digital resources to aid the teaching of Islamic art, architecture, and visual culture.